International Day for Biological Diversity 2023

Welcome to Chhattisgarh State Biodiversity Board

Biological diversity is the variability among living organisms from all sources including terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this include diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems. In short, Biodiversity is the vast array of all the plants, animals, insects and micro-organisms inhabiting the earth either in the aquatic or terrestrial habitats. The human civilization depends directly or indirectly upon this biodiversity for their very basic needs of survival- food, fodder, fuel, fibre, fertilizer, timber, liquor, rubber, leather, medicines and several raw materials.

This diversity is the condition for the long term sustainability of the environment, continuity of life on earth and the maintenance of its integrity. People are now aware of the fact that habitat degradation, loss of wild stock is association with loss of local traditional knowledge led to rapid degradation of biological resources all over the globe.

Increasing concerns about dwindling biological resources led to the establishment and adoption of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) which was negotiated and signed by nations at the ‘Earth Summit’ at Rio de Janeiro in Brazil on June 5, 1992. The CBD came onto force on December 29, 1993 and India became a party to convention on February 18, 1994.

India, after decade long deliberations, enacted Biological Diversity Act of 2002 on 5th February, 2003. As a follow up, the Biological Diversity Rules came into force on 15th April, 2004. The three core objectives are:

  • Conservation of bio diversity.
  • Sustainable use of its components
  • Equitable shearing of benefits arising out of the use of biological resources and associated traditional knowledge.

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